In order to understand the most effective methods of pest control, we will need to have an understanding of what pests really are. A pest is defined as any living organism normally occurring in a place in which its presence is undesirable and may bring harm to crops, people or other animals. This means that even animals such as deer can be viewed as a pest whenever they break into the food stores or gardens in which they are unwanted. On the other hand the most widespread examples of pests are: fungi, mice and other rodents, bugs, microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria and prions.
It’s always a lot better to have a strong and efficient pest control mechanism. Nonetheless, when these mechanisms fail, then your next option will be to go for appropriate strategies for control. Pest control means the management or regulation of pests because of the perception that they are detrimental to human health, the overall economy or even the ecology.
The Advantages of Controlling Pests
Home owners must use control measures for both outdoor and indoor pests mainly since the presence of pests might be a nuisance and cause harm. People additionally wish to keep a pest free home, and to eradicate pests which can transmit diseases (including ticks, cockroaches, and fleas).
There are many chemical and non-chemical methods that are effective in controlling both outdoor and indoor pests. However, the non-chemical methods are recently getting to be preferred due to the growing concern about the effects of pesticides on animals, humans, and the natural environment.
Pesticides are definitely the most effective approach; however, their constant use might result in pests building resistance against a specific chemical, therefore leading to unsuccessful control. On the other hand, a few simple but non-chemical approaches, when appropriately used are going to be useful in eliminating pests and their prevalence in and around the homes.
Non Chemical Strategies for Managing Pests
The effectiveness of non-chemical methods will depend on the knowledge of pest ecology, biology, and behavior. However, this knowledge isn’t required when using the synthetic pesticides. These methods include:
Exclusion: This is any strategy aimed toward stopping the entry of organisms into houses or stores by means of openings in the building, windows, doors, or on infested food or plant materials.
Clean Sanitation: Keeping really clean surroundings both indoors and outdoors takes away possible places where pests are able to breed, feed, and hide. The most typical sanitary measures involve appropriate disposal of garbage regularly to deal with cockroaches and flies; discarding overripe fruit to help prevent fruit flies and fungus beetles; removing of bird nests in order to avoid harboring dermestids, lice, mites, and moths. It is additionally advisable to keep kitchens completely clean in order to cut down cockroaches and pantry pests.
While these methods will not handle pests which have already invaded a home, they will definitely reduce the probability of that happening down the road.