Some of the most widely found animals in the world are mice. They are adapted to live almost everywhere on earth. Mice are usually thought to be the same as rats. Although rats and mice look no different to the casual observer, they are different animals. Rats are bigger than mice. Most people will be surprised to know that they are not just two different kinds of rodents but several different species of rodents. What we call mice are in fact several rodents known to mice control experts as field mice, dormice, smoky mice and spiny mice. However, the mouse most people are familiar with is the house mouse.
Mice are the favorite preys of snakes, cats, foxes and dogs and birds. However, they are one the most successful animals on earth because that have the ability to adapt to any kind of environment and also because they reproduce quickly. An adult female can give birth to a litter of 9 to 12 young four weeks after conceiving, and they can breed at close intervals half a dozen times a year. Mice are not considered to be aggressive and there is no record of these tiny rodents biting humans. But they like to live inside homes because of the easy availability of food and shelter. They have been known as pests since ancient times.
Adult mice may grow up to about 8 centimeters in length, not counting their tail, and weigh up to 22 grams. They have brown or grey fur with slightly lighter shading on their belly. They forage for food mostly during twilight and dusk. They have bad eyesight and cannot differentiate color, but have acute hearing, smelling and taste faculties. They are omnivorous and eat everything they can find. The things that attract them are scraps of food, pet food, rubbish, litter and the smell of fruits. Female mice may also view your store house as a safe breeding ground.
Mice can be destructive in four ways. They damage food from the kitchen and crops from the field. Each mouse needs to eat 5 to 10 grams of food a day; multiply that by 5+ billion mice and you can figure out the quantity of food they eat each year. Mouse droppings can also be a hygiene problem for homes. Having sharp teeth, they can nibble into almost anything, including shoes, clothes, magazines and books, and wooden furniture. Worst of all, they carry harmful bacteria, virus and other microorganism, such as salmonella and listeria.
Traditional methods of mice control include setting a mouse trap, using food laced with poison and employing a cat. These are not ineffective to the extent that they can eliminate a few mice once they enter the house, but poisoning can be dangerous to children and pets. However, these methods are not adequate for preventing mice from coming into your home. Modern methods are focused on long-term approaches and are more effective. They include:
* Removing food sources, such as scraps and uneaten food.
* Eliminating shelter and cover, such as cavities, holes and clutter.
* Eliminating entry routes into your home, such as cracks, holes and unused drainage pipes.
* Using commercial mouse repellents, such as an electric mouse repellent that uses high frequency sound to keep mice away.
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