Rats are the most dominant species of rodents on earth, belonging to the Rattus genus of the family Muridae. There are several species of rats in the world. Most rodents feed on plants, but some eat animals as well. Generally speaking, there are two basic types of rats. They are black or roof rats and Norway or brown rats. Both are thought to have originated in Asia and are now widely distributed all over the planet.
Roof rats (known as Rattus Rattus) are also called black rats and ship rats. They are usually black, have a slender built, 16-21 cm long & weigh about 80-300 gram. Their tail is longer than the head & body & their nose and muzzle are pointed. They are called roof rats because they are climbers. Their paws are built to climb and build nests in higher parts of dwellings, attics, rafters & crossbeams of buildings.
The Norway rat is sometimes known as the house rat, brown rat, gray rat, barn rat or wharf rat. It is the larger of the two mentioned here, and one of the best-known species. Their scientific name is Rattus norvegicus. Their other name refers to their grayish-brown body, with a lighter colored stomach. A brown rat in full size is 18 to 26 cm long & weighs between 400 and 600 gm. Their nose and muzzle are blunt, and they have a tail shorter than its body. They prefer moist conditions & nest in deep burrows.
At around three to four months of age, these rats start to breed. They breed 1 to 13 times a year and produce up to 22 in a litter. Black rats and brown rats eat about the same things. Their diet mainly consists of vegetables, fruits, cereals, meats, seeds, nuts, grains & invertebrates. They eat about one-third of their weight in food every 24 hours.
They damage structures, contaminate food and carry lethal diseases. Some of the diseases potentially fatal to man that spread through rats are Weil’s disease, plague, salmonella food poisoning & toxoplasmosis.
You probably think that it is not a priority for you to administer pest control measures for your home right now. For one or another reason in the future, you might be selling your house even if it’s not something that you would wish to do as of the moment. Potential buyers would definitely steer clear of any residence that has signs of pest infestation; they know that a property infested with pests is a terrible investment. For instance, even you yourself would be unhappy if the house you are preparing to buy is overran with termites. Furthermore, lending institutions generally deny loan applications with houses used as collaterals if they found that the property is infested with pests; like prospective buyers, lending institutions perceive pest-infested houses as terrible investments. You could treat the money you pay for a professional pest control company to assess the cost and accomplish pest eradication in your home as an investment for the future resale value of your home.
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