Rats are rodents that belong to the Rattus genus of the family Muridae. These are the most dominant species on earth. There are several species of rats in the world. Most rodents eat plants, but some eat animals as well. In general, there are 2 basic types of rats. They are black or roof rats and Norway or brown rats. Both are believed to have originated in Asia & are now widely spread throughout the globe.
The black rats are sometimes called roof rats and ship rats, scientifically named Rattus Rattus. They are usually black, have a slender built, 16-21 cm long & weigh about 80-300 gram. Their tail is longer than the head & body & their nose and muzzle are pointed. They are called roof rats because they are climbers. Their paws enable them to climb & make nests in higher parts of dwellings, attics, rafters & crossbeams of buildings.
The Norway rat is sometimes known as the house rat, brown rat, gray rat, barn rat or wharf rat. It is one of the best-known & is the larger of the two. Their scientific name is Rattus norvegicus. They are mostly grayish-brown, with a lighter colored stomach. A brown rat in full size is 18 to 26 cm long and weighs between 400 & 600 grams. They have a tail shorter than its body & their nose and muzzle are blunt. They prefer moist conditions & nest in deep burrows.
At around 3 – 4 months of age, these rats start to breed. They breed 1 to 13 times a year & produce 1 to 22 in a litter. Black rats and brown rats eat about the same things. Their diet usually consists of nuts, grains, vegetables, fruits, cereals, meats, seeds & invertebrates. They eat about a third of their weight in food everyday.
They damage structures, contaminate food and carry fatal diseases. Some of the diseases potentially fatal to man that spread through rats are plague, salmonella food poisoning, toxoplasmosis & Weil’s disease.
You probably think that it is not a priority for you to administer pest control measures for your home right now. Even if you may not be considering it now, someday in the future you may be selling your house. Prospective buyers would undeniably steer clear of any property that has marks of pest infestation; they know that a property infested with pests is a terrible investment. For example, even you yourself would be unhappy if the property you are planning to purchase is overran with termites. Moreover, if you are thinking about utilizing your home as a collateral for a loan, there is a greater probability that the lender would refuse your loan application if they find pest infestation when they do an ocular inspection of your property. Hence, in order for your property to remain as a smart investment, just think of the fee for hiring a professional pest exterminator as a safeguard to the preservation of the structural quality of your abode.
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